文献タイトル：PRIMARY HEALTH CARE -theory and practice-(BMJ books).
雑誌名・書籍名：Blackwell Publishing. P23-56
Two medical disciplines are very important to effective practice
1 Biomedical science (anatomy, physiology, pathology, cardiology, pharmacology and so on)
2 Epidemiology (the study of disease patterns in populations and interventions to change these)
However, these medical sciences would give us a narrow and incomplete view of primary care.
This chapter covers six additional disciplines that underpin an academic perspectives on primary care.
The scientific study of mind and behavior. There are broad scope of knowledge…
Ex: Cognitive – , Social – , Development- , Educational-…
The study of human society and the relationship between its members.
Peter Berger says that Sociology is to discover many layers of meaning.
Ex: Sick role, Professional role, Medical Uncertainty …
The study of human.
a Structuralist -：
To discover what universal principles of the human mind underlie each culture.
Ex. Claude Levi-Strauss (1st researcher about Family Structure)
Ferdinand de Saussure (Famous Linguist, to discover the unconscious rules and principles embedded within a language 『肩が凝る』)
b Post- Structuralist- ：
Anthropology developed out of structuralism, that are closely to the work of Pierre Bourdieu.
Symbolic capital as a crucial source of power.
c Symbolic -：
To analyze symbols (image, courtesy, idol/icon) meaning in culture system.
Ex: Mary Douglas (Purity and Danger : What is defined “Dirty” in different societies )
『こんにゃくゼリー choked risk is lower than rice cake, but more “dirty” in Japan』
４ Literary Theory
Theory of literature and literacy criticism.
Ex: Patient Story, Voice of Medicine/ Voice of Human World.
５ Philosophy, including epistemology(認識論)
a Epistemology ：the study of valid forms of knowledge.
Ex : Scepticism(懐疑論), Rationalism, Empiricism, Objectivism, Relativism…
b Moral philosophy ： the study of moral value of human behavior.
Ex: Consequentialism(結果主義), Deontology(義務的倫理学), Virtue ethics, Emotivism
c Rhetoric and logic ： the study of persuasion.
６ Pedagogy (= Learning Theory)
a Experimental learning theory
b Social learning theory
c Social development theory